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1921 MILITARY ALPHABET DWM, SN 1477a
1921 DATED, ALPHABET DWM, SERIAL NUMBER 1477a, REICHSWEHR CAVALRY UNIT STAMPED: A./R.R.4.22.

During 1920 DWM produced Lugers in the “ns”, “a”, and “b” suffix serial range that were date stamped 1920; and again during 1921 DWM produced Lugers in the “ns”, “a”, and “b” suffix range that were date stamped 1921 (A very few of these 1920 and 1921 dated Lugers are found outside the “ns”, “a” and “b” suffix range). These were intended for the military and police. Almost all of these bear Dove, Dove/WaA4, E/ArA4 or crown/G proofs and acceptance stamps. Based on serial number data the estimated 1920 and 1921 dated Alphabet DWM Army and police production is about 50,000. (Weimar Lugers, page 14, 15 and 17)

Gerben van Vlimmeren found the following information in DWM's 1939 Company History:
"Ein auftrag der reichswehr und sicherheitspolizei auf 40 000 selbstladepistolen gab einem teil der waffenfabrik bis Mai 1921 arbeit."
Translation: "An order of the reichswehr and security police for 40 000 automatic pistols provided work for a part of the weapons plant until may, 1921."

These 40,000 pistols (Lugers) reported in the DWM History would (approximately) include the 1920 and 1921 dated Lugers in the five digit serial range (20 DWM) and the 1920 and 1921 dated lugers in the “ns”, “a”, and “b” suffix serial range (Alphabet DWM). Gerben van Vlimmerens’ information from the DWM Company History approximately validates the production information on the 1920 and 1921 dated Lugers presented in Weimar Lugers, page 13-14 and 26-30.


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Figure 1. 1921 dated Alphabet DWM, serial number 1477a. This 1921 dated Luger was manufactured by DWM for the military. It bears military (exposed) style serial number placement. A faintly stamped Nazi Era test proof can be seen on the left side of its barrel.


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Figure 2. 1921 dated Alphabet DWM, serial number 1477a. Top, it has an Eagle/ArA4 Weimar Era test proof on the top of its barrel.


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Figure 3. 1921 dated Alphabet DWM, serial number 1477a. Right side.


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Figure 4. 1921 dated Alphabet DWM, serial number 1477a. Right receiver showing (left to right) Dove/WaA4, Dove/WaA4, acceptance stamps; E/ArA4 proof; E/Su4 ordnance stamp; and an Early Nazi Era test proof. Likely this luger underwent ordnance repair during the early Nazi Era and was re-proofed on the right side of the receiver and the left side of the barrel (see fig. 1).


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Figure 5. 1921 dated Alphabet DWM, serial number 1477a, showing the dove/WaA4 test proof on the right side of the breech block.


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Figure 6. 1921 dated Alphabet DWM, serial number 1477a. Bottom of barrel. The metal is disturbed around the serial number digets but there is no halo. The witness mark consists of at least two stamps. The last stamp extends from the barrel flange into the receiver line.


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Figure 7. 1921 dated Alphabet DWM, serial number 1477a, showing the bottom of the magazine. It bears its four digit serial number stamped in large letters. Army directive dated June 6, 1925, indicated that unserviceable wood bases are to be replaced with aluminum bases and a further directive dated Dec. 4, 1928, indicates that when the supply of wood based magazines runs out aluminum bases are to be used thereafter (All are sheet metal crimped construction).


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Figure 8. 1921 dated Alphabet DWM, serial number 1477a, showing the last two digits of its serial number stamped on the inside of its grips.


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Figure 9. 1921 dated Alphabet DWM, serial number 1477a, showing numbered rear connecting pin. According to 17 March 1932 military directives the rear connecting pins of the P08s are to have the last two digits of the lugers serial number added to prevent exchange by mistake (Gortz and Bryans page 131).


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Figure 10. 1921 dated Alphabet DWM, serial number 1477a, showing the breech block connecting pin marked 0,05. This is an oversize marking indicating a pin .005mm oversize. From Berlin, 1936 dated, list of infantry equipment available (Gortz, Bryans, page 132).


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Figure 11. 1921 dated Alphabet DWM, serial number 1477a, showing front. It is unit marked to a Weimar cavalry regiment.


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Figure 12. 1921 dated Alphabet DWM, serial number 1477a, with its 1915 dated holster marked:3./K.6.47. This may signify some sort of motorized unit.


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Figure 13. Holster back.


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Figure 14. Open holster showing details of the magazine and tool compartments.


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Figure 15. BERLIN manufacturers hallmark with a 1915 date.


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Figure 16. Holster unit stamp: 3./K.6.47.. The “K” might signify Kraftfahr or ?? (some sort of cavalry unit is doubtful).


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Figure 17. 1921 dated Alphabet DWM, serial number 1477a. Details of front strap. A./R.R.4.22.: which signifies Ausbildungs-Eskadron of 4. Reiter Regiment, waffe nr.22. (Training Squadron of the 4th Cavalry Regiment).


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Figure 18. Reichswehr Reiter troops training in front of their barracks, 1927.


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Figure 19. World War II German cavalry. Note: unlike the World War I German cavalry, they are carrying rifles instead of lances.
 

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Jan,
Thanks again for the great presentation. After aquiring the two that I have. I catch myself looking exclusively for Cavalry marked pistols. The history and romance of these pieces is addicting. I am envious.
Have any Artillerys been reported with Cavalry markings?
Ron
 

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Update (Thanks to Ron Smith, http://www.axishistory.com/index.php?id=5062 )

1921 dated Alphabet DWM, serial number 1477a. Details of front strap. A./R.R.4.22.: which signifies Ausbildungs-Eskadron of 4. Reiter Regiment, waffe nr.22. Training Squadron of the 4th Reiter (Cavalry) Regiment. The 4. (Preußisches) Reiter-Regiment was formed from the following Imperial units:

1st Squadron: Garde-Maschinengewehr-Abteilung Nr.1; Regiment der Gardes du Corps; & Schütztruppe für Deutsch-Südwestafrika

2nd Squadron: Garde-Kürassier-Regiment

3rd Squadron: Garde-Ulanen-Regiment Nr.1

4th Squadron: Garde-Ulanen-Regiment Nr.2

Training Squadron: Garde-Ulanen-Regiment Nr.3

6th Squadron: Leib-Garde-Husaren-Regiment
 

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Jan,
RR4 consisted of 4 squads, 1 training squad and 1 divisional squad, was part of 1.K.D. with HQ in Frankfurt/Oder and garrisoned in Potsdam and Perleberg.
It might be of interest to you that RR 4,7,11,12 and 16 had to dismount by 1934/35. Their officers, NCO's and men were transferred to the newly formed Panzertruppe. The tradition of RR4 was continued in the Pz.R.5+6.

1/RR4 garrisoned in Potsdam transferred to the staff and I./Pz.R.6 in Neuruppin.

2/RR4 garrisoned in Perleberg transferred to the staff and I./Pz.R.5. in Wuensdorf/Kr.Teltow.

3/RR4 garrisoned in Potsdam transferred to recon/detach.3 in Stahnsdorf/Kr.Teltow.

4/RR4 garrisoned in Perleberg transferred to II./Pz.R.5 in Wuensdorf/Kr.Teltow.

A/RR4 garrisoned in Potsdam transferred to II./Pz.R.6 in Neuruppin.

I was unable to find the 6.squad (most likely the divisional squad).
An additional 7 div.squads were subordinated to RR 2,4,6,12,15,16, and 17.

Incidentally, the Leib Garde Husaren Regiment was honored in the 6th squad of RR7 garrisoned in Breslau and in the anti-tank-detach. #23 of the Wehrmacht garrisoned in Potsdam.

Source : Die Geschichte der deutschen Kavallerie 1919-1945.
Die Pflege der Traditionen der alten Armee im Reichsheer
und in der Wehrmacht. Feldgrau, Sonderheft 7, 1956.

Klaus
 
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