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PART 2/2, BATTLE HISTORY IN WORD AND PICTURE, BAVARIAN ISSUE 1913 DWM, MARKED B.16.J.R.M.G.75. : BAVARIAN 16th INFANTRY REGIMENT, MACHINE GUN COMPANY, WEAPON 75. (Note: both the Bavarian 1st and 16th Infantry Regiments were part of the 1st Bavarian Infantry Division from the start of World war I to March 15 1915.)


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Figure 13. 1913 dated Luger issued to the Bavarian 16th Infantry Regiment and Bavarian manufactured holster (marked to the Machine Gun Company of the Bavarian 9 Infantry Regiment) resting on the World War I Battle History of the 16th Bavarian Infantry Regiment. This book describes with word and picture the exploits of the Bavarian 16th Infantry Regiment during World War I. The issuing Regiment controlled and distributed these Lugers to the troops. The history of these Lugers is the same as that of the Regiment that issued them and the troops that carried them.



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Figure 14. Details of front strap, 1913 DWM, serial number 2544: B.16.J.R.M.G.75.: which signifies Bayerisches, 16 Infanterie-regiment, Maschinengewehr-kompagnie Waffe Nr. 75 (Bavarian 16th Infantry Regiment, Machine Gun Company, weapon number 75) .

The Bavarian 16 Infantry Regiment was part of the Bavarian I Corps District. During World War I the Bavarian 16 Infantry Regiment was part of the 1st, 10 th and 11 Bavarian Infantry Divisions and battled on the Western and Eastern Front during World War I. At the beginning of the War it was part of the 6th Army. Some rough notes on the battle history of the 16th Bavarian Infantry regiment (from The Histories of 251 Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War 1914-1918):
1ST BAVARIAN DIVISION
1914 Lorraine: sacked Bandonviller August 12; fought at Sarrebruecken August 20; advanced to Nossoncourt and Xaffevillers Sept. 6. Detrained near Namus, reaching Peronne the 24th.
1914 Somme: Part of the 2nd Army, race to the Sea, Combles (Oct. 24) Maricourt (Dec. 17)
1915 Artois Kept in line on the Somme until October 1915.
First Class Assult Div. Severe Losses
10TH BAVARIAN DIVISION
1915March. 15, 16th Bayr. Reg. to 10th Bayr Div.
1915Somme Lihone-Estrees road occupied until the Franco-British offensive of 1916.
1916Somme End of June, Battle of Soome, near Contalmaison, Bazentin le Peti, and Longuval from July 1 to the end of July. Heavy Losses
1916 Galicia, August 13 to 18 transport to the Eastern Front.
1916 Bukovina Sept. and Oct, Dorna-Vatra, Kirlibaba, west of Mt Capoul; fought against the right wing of the Roumanian Army.
1916Transylvania November 1916 to the end of Jan. 1917, Held the sector of Tolyges in Transylvania .
1917Galica Sector of Zalosce, Feb. To May, attached to 2nd Hungarian Army
1917France May to France.
1917 Alsace Training
1917Flanders Fought south of Ypres-Comines canal, opposed attack of July 31. Catelet August 12 to the end of Sept. Near Becelaere in Oct.
1917 Russia At end of Oct. to Eastern Front. Returned to Lorraine Nov. 27th.
1917 Lorraine Forest of Bezange, Oct.-Jan. 1918
1918 Battle of Aisne & Marne Valois June 5-July 18; thrown back on Rozet St. Albin July 20 and then west of Armentieres July 21. Division dissolved in August. The 16th Bavarian Regiment went to the 11th Bavarian Division.
11TH BAVARIAN DIVISION
1918 Ypres August 24 East of Boesinghe. Fought, taking part in the general retirement, until Oct. 2
1918 Ghent until the armistice was signed.


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Figure 15 . Historic- tradition information on the Royal Bavarian 16. Infantry-Regiment from “Ruhmeshalle unsere alten Armee”. This regiments honor name is “Großherzog Ferdinand von, Toskana ”, its base/headquarters is Passau, I. Landshut, and it was founded in 1878.


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Figure 16. Title page of “The Royal Bavarian 16 Infantry-Regiment Großherzog Ferdinand von, Toskana in War 1914-1918". In 515 pages and with numerous battle maps and sketches this book describes and documents the World War I battle history of the Bavarian 16th Infantry Regiment. It was printed for the Bavarian War Archive in 1931.


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Figure 17. Members of the Bavarian 16 Infantry Regiment during Kaiser Maneuvers in 1910. Note: the 16 painted on their helmets. Training for the War to come.(From“The Royal Bavarian 16. Infantry-Regiment Großherzog Ferdinand von, Toskana in War 1914-1918"1931)


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Figure 18. 7 August 1914, Mobilization of the Bavarian 16 Infantry-Regiment. (From“The Royal Bavarian 16. Infantry-Regiment Großherzog Ferdinand von, Toskana in War 1914-1918"1931)


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Figure 19. The 16th Bavarian Infantry Regiment marching off to War in 1914. (From“The Royal Bavarian 16. Infantry-Regiment Großherzog Ferdinand von, Toskana in War 1914-1918"1931)


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Figure 20. Map showing the deployment and direction of attack of the 7 German Armies which invaded Northern France during August 1914. The 16th Bavarian Infantry Regiment was part of the 1st Bavarian Division, the I Bavarian Army Corps, and the 6th German Army during the first months of the War. (From“The Royal Bavarian 16. Infantry-Regiment Großherzog Ferdinand von, Toskana in War 1914-1918"1931)


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Figure 21. German machine gun line decimates invading French Senegalese troops in the Alsace-Lorraine region, 19 August 1914. The Bavarian 1st Infantry Division machine gun crews fought in battles such as this in the Alsace-Lorraine region during August 1914. The red headdress and white trousers were an indication of the French Army’s disdain for defense. Because of subsequent high casualty rates this disdain moderated later in the War.


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Figure 22. Bavarian 16 th Infantry Regiment soldiers examine a plane downed on the Western Front. Note: the bug emblem on the fuselage. (From“The Royal Bavarian 16. Infantry-Regiment Großherzog Ferdinand von, Toskana in War 1914-1918"1931)


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Figure 23. The Kaiser visiting the troops of the 16th Bavarian Infantry Regiment. (From“The Royal Bavarian 16. Infantry-Regiment Großherzog Ferdinand von, Toskana in War 1914-1918"1931)


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Figure 24. The Kaiser reviewing the 16th Bavarian Infantry Regiment troops. Note: the officer to the left is P08 armed. (From“The Royal Bavarian 16. Infantry-Regiment Großherzog Ferdinand von, Toskana in War 1914-1918",1931.)

For Luger and holster details, go to 1900-1918: P.08-Army Lugers
½, BAVARIAN 1913 DWM, SN 2544, B.16.J.R.M.G.75. Jan C Still http://www.gunboards.com/luger/topic.asp?TOPIC_ID=3541


INFORMATION ON OTHER BAVARIAN ISSUE LUGERS
For more information on Bavarian Lugers issued to the command/staff, infantry, and field artillery (all units part of the 6th Army) click on the link below.
PART 1/2, HISTORY, BAV.5. F.A.R., 17.J.R., 18.J.R. Jan C Still http://www.gunboards.com/luger/topic.asp?TOPIC_ID=3127
For more information on Lugers issued to the Bavarian Cavalry Regiments, click on the link below.
4/5, HISTORY, BAVARIAN CAV. DIV. LUGERS Jan C Still http://www.gunboards.com/luger/topic.asp?TOPIC_ID=3282
For information on a Luger issued to the Machine Gun Company of the Bavarian 1st Infantry Regiment, click on the link below.
½, 1912 ERFURT, SN 3485, B.1.R.M.G.21., DETAILS Jan C Still http://www.gunboards.com/luger/topic.asp?TOPIC_ID=3539
 
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