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Foreign-Made Sidearms Used by German Forces During WWII

With Known Fremdgeräte (Foreign Equipment) Numbers and Model Designations

During the war, the German army captured huge amounts of weapons from their enemies. Most types were tested by the Heereswaffenamt(Army Ordnance Department). After testing, each type was assigned a number, followed by the first letter of the country of origin.
This list shows the status of most captured weapons up to 1943. (Note that not all weapons entered service in the Wehrmacht.)

Since this is a work in progress, contributions from members are welcome.


<center>I. NUMERICALLY</center>
Revolver 610 (n) Ex Norwegian M/1893 Nagant caliber 7.5mm
Revolver 612 (g) Greek Nagant 1895 7.62mm
Revolver 612 (p) (ex Polish M95 Nagant revolver) caliber 7.62mm
Revolver 612 (r) (ex Russian M95 Nagant revolver) caliber 7.62mm
Revolver 613 (g) Greek Nagant 1912 7.62mm
Pistole 615 (r) (ex Russian TT30/33) caliber 7.62x25mm
Pistole 620 (b) FN 1900
Pistole 621(b) - Belgian 1910 cal. 7.65
Pistole 622 (b) Belgian contract Colt Pocket pistol, Cal 32acp
Pistole 622(b) - Belgian 1903 cal. 9mm Browning Long
Pistole 623 (f) (ex French pistolet Star) caliber 7.65mm
Pistole 624 (f) (ex French pistolet Ruby) caliber 7.65mm
Pistole 625 (f) (ex French Mle. 35 A) caliber 7.65mm Longue
Pistole 626 (b) (ex Belgian Mle. 10/22) caliber 7.65mm
Pistole 626 (d) Danish Browning M1922 7.65mm
Pistole 626 (h)(ex Belgian FN 10/22) Pistool M25 No. 1 cal. 7.65mm
Revolver 634 (f) (ex "Revolver Eibar") Spanish copy of S&W M&P 8mm
Revolver 635 (f) Spanish made copy of S&W 8mm
Revolver 636 (f) French contract, Spanish copy of Colt revolver 8mm
Revolver 637 (f) French 1892 Ordnance revolver 8mm
Pistole 640 (b) (ex Belgian Mle. 35 G. P.) caliber 9mm Para.
Pistole 641 (b) (ex Belgian Mle. 10/22) caliber 9mm Kurz
Pistole 641 (h)(ex Dutch FN 10/22) Pistool M25 No. 2 cal. 9mm Kurz
Pistole 641 (j) (ex Yugoslavian M10/22) caliber 9mm Kurz
Pistole 642 (f) French contract Astra 21 (400)
Revolver 643 (h) Dutch service revolver Model 1912 9.4mm
Pistole 644 (d) (ex Danish M10/21 Bergmann) caliber 9mm Bergmann/Largo
Pistole 645 (p) (ex Polish VIS wz35) cal. 9mm [also Pistole 35 (p)]
Revolver 646 (e) (ex British No. 2 Mk. I) caliber .38
Pistole 647 (f) Ex Pistolet Automatic Type "Colt" caliber 9mm Bayard-Largo/.38ACP (Star Model A). Acquired by German occupation forces in France.
Revolver 648 (g) Greek contract Colt Official Police .38 spl
Revolver 649 (g) Greek contract S&W M&P .38 spl
Revolver 654 (f) French 1873 and 1874 revolvers, 11mm
Revolver 655 (e) (ex British Webley No. 1 Mk. VI) caliber .45
Pistole 657(n) Ex Norwegian Colt/Browning Government M/1911, Kongsberg M/1912, and Kongsberg M/1914, all caliber 11.25mm (.45acp)
Pistole 660 (a) (ex American M1911) caliber .45
Revolver 661 (a) (ex American Colt M1917) caliber .45
Revolver 662 (a) (ex American S & W M1917) caliber .45
Pistole 670 (i) Italian Brixia (probably 1910 Glisenti too) 9mm Glisenti
Pistole 671 (i) (ex Italian MOD. 34) caliber 9mm Kurz
Beretta M1935 cal. 7.65mm
Revolver 680 (i) Italian revolver Model 1889 10.35mm

Pistole 24 (t) (ex Czechoslovakian vz. 24 and vz. 22) caliber 9mm Kurz
Pistole 27 (t) (ex Czechoslovakian vz. 27) caliber 7.65
Pistole 35 (p) (ex Polish VIS wz. 35) cal. 9mm Para. (See Pistole 645 (p) above.)
Czech vz36 cal. 6.35 pistol observed with WaA76 stamp
Pistole 37 (ex Hungarian) caliber 7.65mm
Pistole 39 (t) (ex Czechoslovakian vz. 38 ) caliber 9mm Kurz

Steyr-Pistole 34 (Steyr M1908/34) 7.65mm
Steyr-Pistole M12 (ex Austrian M1912) cal. 9mm Steyr
Steyr-Pistole M/12 umg. (ex Austrian M1912) 9mm Para.
NOTE: Austrian guns have no Fremdgeräte-numbers.

French Mle. 16 Unique Pistol 7.65mm *
French Mle. 17 Unique Pistol 7.65mm *
French Mle. D 7.65mm *
French MAB/Mle. A 6.35mm *
French MAB/Mle. C 7.65mm *

Astra 200 caliber 6.35
Astra 300 caliber 7.65 & 9mm Kurz (Observed with WaA251 stamp)
Astra 400 caliber 9mm Bergman/Largo
Astra 600 caliber 9mm Para. (Pistole Astra 600/43)(Observed - WaAD20)
Astra 900 caliber 7.63mm Mauser
Star Mod. B caliber 9mm Para.

<center>II. BY NATION OF ORIGIN</center>
AUSTRIA
Steyr-Pistole 34 (Steyr M1908/34) 7.65mm
Steyr-Pistole M12 (ex Austrian M1912) cal. 9mm Steyr
Steyr-Pistole M/12 umg. (ex Austrian M1912) 9mm Para.
NOTE: Austrian guns have no Fremdgeräte-numbers.

BELGIUM
Pistole 620 (b) FN 1900
Pistole 621(b) - Belgian 1910 cal. 9mm Kurz
Pistole 622 (b) Belgian contract Colt Pocket pistol, Cal 32acp
Pistole 622(b) - Belgian 1903 cal. 9mm Browning Long
Pistole 626 (b) (ex Belgian Mle. 10/22) caliber 7.65mm
Pistole 640 (b) (ex Belgian Mle. 35 G. P.) caliber 9mm Para.
Pistole 641 (b) (ex Belgian Mle. 10/22) caliber 9mm Kurz

CZECHOSLOVAKIA
Pistole 24 (t) (ex Czechoslovakian vz. 24 and vz. 22) caliber 9mm Kurz
Pistole 27 (t) (ex Czechoslovakian vz. 27) caliber 7.65
Czech vz36 cal. 6.35 pistol observed with WaA76 stamp
Pistole 39 (t) (ex Czechoslovakian vz. 38 ) caliber 9mm Kurz

DENMARK
Pistole 626 (d) Browning M1922 7.65mm
Pistole 644 (d) (ex M10/21 Bergmann) caliber 9mm Bergmann/Largo

FRANCE
Pistole 623 (f) (ex French pistolet Star) caliber 7.65mm
Pistole 624 (f) (ex French pistolet Ruby) caliber 7.65mm
Pistole 625 (f) (ex French Mle. 35 A) caliber 7.65mm)
Revolver 634 (f) (ex "Revolver Eibar) Spanish copy of S&W M&P 8mm
Revolver 635 (f) Spanish made copy of S&W 8mm
Revolver 636 (f) French contract, Spanish copy of Colt revolver 8mm
Revolver 637 (f) French 1892 Ordnance revolver 8mm
Pistole 642 (f) French contract Astra 21 (400)
Pistole 647 (f) Ex Pistolet Automatic Type "Colt" caliber 9mm Bayard-Largo/.38ACP (Star Model A). Acquired by German occupation forces in France.
Revolver 654 (f) French 1873 and 1874 revolvers, 11mm
French Mle. 16 Unique Pistol 7.65mm *
French Mle. 17 Unique Pistol 7.65mm *
French Mle. D 7.65mm *
French MAB/Mle. A 6.35mm *
French MAB/Mle. C 7.65mm *

GREAT BRITAIN
Revolver 646 (e) (ex British No. 2 Mk. I) caliber .38
Revolver 655 (e) (ex British Webley No. 1 Mk. VI) caliber .45

GREECE
Revolver 612 (g) Greek Nagant 1895 7.62mm
Revolver 613 (g) Greek Nagant 1912 7.62mm
Revolver 648 (g) Greek contract Colt Official Police .38 spl
Revolver 649 (g) Greek contract S&W M&P .38 spl

HUNGARY
Pistole 37 (ex Hungarian) caliber 7.65mm

ITALY
Pistole 670 (i) Italian Brixia (probably 1910 Glisenti too) 9mm Glisenti
Pistole 671 (i) (ex Italian MOD. 34) calibers 9mm Kurz
Beretta M1935 cal. 7.65mm
Revolver 680 (i) Italian revolver Model 1889 10.35mm

NETHERLANDS
P626 (h)(ex Dutch FN 10/22) Pistool M25 No. 1 cal. 7.65mm
P641 (h)(ex Dutch FN 10/22) Pistool M25 No. 2 cal. 9mm Kurz
Revolver 643 (h) Dutch service revolver Model 1912 9.4mm

NORWAY
Revolver 610 (n) Ex Norwegian M/1893 Nagant caliber 7.5mm
Pistole 657(n) Ex Norwegian Colt/Browning Government M/1911, Kongsberg M/1912, and Kongsberg M/1914, all caliber 11.25mm (.45acp)


POLAND
Revolver 612 (p) (ex Polish M95 Nagant revolver) caliber 7.62mm
Pistole 645 (p) (ex Polish VIS wz35) cal. 9mm [also Pistole 35 (p)]

SOVIET UNION
Revolver 612 (r) (ex Russian M95 Nagant revolver) caliber 7.62mm
Pistole 615 (r) (ex Russian TT30/33) caliber 7.62x25mm

SPAIN
Astra 200 caliber 6.35
Astra 300 caliber 7.65 & 9mm Kurz (Observed with WaA251 stamp)
Astra 400 caliber 9mm Bergman/Largo
Astra 600 caliber 9mm Para. (Pistole Astra 600/43)(Observed - WaAD20)
Astra 900 caliber 7.63mm Mauser
Star Mod. B caliber 9mm Para.

UNITED STATES
Pistole 660 (a) (ex American M1911) caliber .45
Revolver 661 (a) (ex American Colt M1917) caliber .45
Revolver 662 (a) (ex American S & W M1917) caliber .45

YUGOSLAVIA
Pistole 641 (j) (ex Yugoslavian M10/22) caliber 9mm Kurz

* Produced in Occupied France for the Wehrmacht. German designation not known.

6.35mm - .25 Auto/ACP
7.65mm - .32 Auto/ACP
9mm Kurz - .380 Auto

JT
 

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JT,
Great list. My two cents. Model 16 and 17-Pistols, you have revolvers-typo. TT30 (and TT33). I know some of these in Lt Col Whittington's book weren't used, but there is a great list on Page 171-172 of Volume 2.
Dean
 

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Discussion Starter #3
Dean:
Right. That's the way I found the list. I'll change it. The 16 and 17 were M.A.P. Uniques, correct?
JT
 

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Hi JT,
The Uniques are listed as the MAPF Unique 17 or Unique 16 or the Kriegsmodell. Some just say the Unique M17 Etc.
I like the list!
Dean
 

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The Beretta 1935 was left off the list, 7.65mm. They were used by German forces in occupied Italy, some are marked WaA162.

Mark
 
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Pistole Modell 671(i) - Italian Beretta 1934 & 1935</u>
The only instance that I know of that two models, though varying only by caliber, were issued under one number.
Also:
Pistole Modell 621(b) - Belgian 1910
Pistole Modell 622(b) - Belgian 1903

Please remember that the fremdengerate list was not just a list of German issued foreign equipment, it was a list of as much foreign equipment as the meticulous Germans could compile. Nearly every issue weapon in the world had a number, including the American 18 inch Panama Canal coastal guns!
I'm trying to find the number for the Belgian Armand Gavage (approx 2000 built after occupation by Germany), if anyone knows! I have never found it on any information about the fremdengerate list, so they may have been all private purchase.
Tom
 
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Please add the spanish guns, e.g. Astra 200, 300, 400 and 600 and Star Mod. B.

They have no "Fremdgeräte" No. because they were purchased. Only captured (or with the possibility of beeing captured) guns had such a number.

There is no P 37 (u), that's nonsence, because at the time of purchase Hungary was an ally of Germany.

The P 27(without the (t)) is in caliber .32.

I think, you left the Mauser HSc.

Shall I go on?????

André
 

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Discussion Starter #10
André:
Good point about the Mauser. For the purposes of this exercise, I have decided to delete the German/Austrian sidearms listed by the original author, since this forum is for non-German made guns.
JT
I also added the cal. .32 vz27.
JT
 
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jacobtowne:

IMHO there was no vz. 27 in 9 mm short, have you ever seen one?

André
 

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Discussion Starter #12
quote:Originally posted by atoms

jacobtowne:

IMHO there was no vz. 27 in 9 mm short, have you ever seen one?

André
I've never seen such a pistol, nor have I heard of it, nor can I find references to it in my books. So out it goes. Thank you.
JT
 
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"There is no P 37 (u)" Well, it's on the official German list as such. Ally or not, Hungary was a foreign country, and that is what the list covers.
 

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Discussion Starter #17
Another question about the Astras. Atoms suggested the Astra 200, which in my book is listed as a cal. .25 pocket pistol. Should this be included?
JT
 

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JT, the Astra 300 was made in both 7.65mm and 9mm Kurz. The 9mm Kurz were Waffenamt with WaA251, the 7.65mm had no Waffenamt Marks. German 7.65mm are identified by serial number.

This as an absolutely great list!! Thanks a bunch!
 

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quote:Originally posted by Darwin

This would make a nice sticky post.
Sorry I was slow, of course it should be a sticky, did so. Just remind me if I forget. :)

Ed
 
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Back again:

Steyr Hahn: The official name according to a 1944 police manual was either Steyr-Pistole M 12 for the version in 9 mm Steyr or Steyr.Pistole M/12 umg. for the version in 9 mm Luger.
"ung." is the abbreviation of "umgeändert" just meaning "converted".

Italian Beretta: The Fremdgeräte number P 671(i) applies only to the version M 34 in 9 mm short according to the "Liste der Fremdgeräte D 50/1". The version in 7,65 mm has no Fremdgeräte number!

Please include all the dutch guns, e.g. P 626 (h) - dutch M 25 No. 1 - FN 10/22 7,65 mm and P 641 (h) - dutch M 25 No. 2 - FN 10/22 9 mm short.

André

André
 
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