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CONTENTS
LUGERS OF THE DRAGOON. REGIMENTS. PART 1/5
INTRODUCTION. Figure 1.
1910 DWM, SERIAL NUMBER 8494c, DETAILS, ACCESSORIES. FIGURE 2-17

LUGERS OF THE DRAGOON REGIMENTS. PART 2/5
1910 DWM, SERIAL NUMBER 8474c, DETAILS, ACCESSORIES. Figure 18-27
HISTORY OF THE 1ST GARDE DRAGOON REGIMENT, ESKADRON 3 AND 4.
Figure 28-34

LUGERS OF THE DRAGOON REGIMENTS. PART 3/5
1911 DWM, SERIAL NUMBER 8194D, DETAILS, ACCESSORIES, AND HISTORY (5.R.D.1.12.). Figures 35-48.

LUGERS OF THE DRAGOON REGIMENTS. PART 4/5
1911 DWM, SERIAL NUMBER 8569D, DETAILS, ACCESSORIES, AND HISTORY (6.D.2.22.). Figures 49-64

LUGERS OF THE DRAGOON REGIMENTS. PART 5/5
1908 DWM, SERIAL NUMBER 6099, DETAILS, AND ACCESSORIES. Figures 65-79
HISTORY OF THE 26TH DRAGOON REGIMENT. Figures 80-84


INTRODUCTION
This series of posts will cover the details and World War I battle history of the following five Dragoon marked Lugers.

1910 DWM, s/n 8474c: 1.G.D.3.1. - (1 Garde-Dragoner-Regiment , Eskadron 3, Waffe Nr. 1)
1910 DWM, s/n 8494c: 1.G.D.4.1. - (1 Garde-Dragoner-Regiment , Eskadron 4, Waffe Nr. 1)
(With sear safety and two matching Weimar marked police magazines)
1911 DWM, sn 8194d: 5.R.D.1.12: - (5 Reserve- Dragoner-Regiment, Eskadron 1, Waffe Nr. 12)
1911 DWM, s/n 8569d: 6.D.2.22. - (6 Dragoner-Regiment, Eskadron 2, Waffe Nr. 22)
1908 DWM, s/n 6099 : 26.D.2.14. - (26 Dragoner-Regiment, Eskadron 2, Waffe Nr. 14)

Each presentation/description is intended to stand on its own. Luger characteristics will be covered in the same detail each time. While this may seem repetitive, it will give collectors a chance to observe normal manufacturing variances in these characteristics. The accessories and Luger battle history are different for each regiment.

There are 29 Dragoon marked Lugers in a data base of 825 unit marked Imperial Lugers. Of the 29: 13 are Dragoon Regiments, 8 are Reserve Dragoon Regiments; 5 are Garde Dragoon Regiments; and 3 are Dragoon staff Lugers(without squadron designation). Of these 29: 3 are 1908 Lugers; 21 are 1910 dated lugers; 4 are 1911 DWM Lugers; and 1 is a 1914 DWM dated Luger. All reported have a hold open added (except the 1914). Dragoon Regiments 1-24 are Prussian based and 25 and 26 are Wurttenberg based. The range of the weapons numbers, 1 to 25, indicates that each Dragoon squadron(180 men) had less than 25 Lugers issued (based on unit marked Lugers). Less than1of 7 Dragoon lancers were armed with the P08. (Note: this is a limit, the actual number may be much less than 1 of 7.)

World War I battle scenes (photographs, sketches, and paintings) show Dragoon lancers carrying and attacking with the lance and sword. During the American Civil War the lance and sword were found to be ineffective against rifle fire and grape shot. Such attacks might have been somewhat effective against the more primitive armies on the Eastern front. However, 1918 dated Western Front photographs show lance armed cavalry on the battlefield during the great German attacks of 1918. Were lance armed cavalry more effective than it appears or was the lance and sword so much a part of cavalry tradition that they refused to abandon them in the face of the repeating rifle and the machine gun? By 1914 the lance and sword were long obsolete. Surely the P08 and carbine saw the most combat use.


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Figure 1. Unit markings are a window to the past. Two Garde Dragoon marked Lugers frame a Garde Dragoon World War I battle scene.

1910 DWM, SERIAL NUMBER 8494d, DETAILS

1910 DWM Lugers are reported in the 3580b to 5531e serial range and were manufactured without hold open, stock lug, and with commercial style (hidden)serial placement. There is considerable overlap in serial range with the 1911 DWM. About 17,000 were manufactured.


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Figure 2. Left slant view of 1910 DWM, serial number 8494d. This Luger was manufactured with hidden serial number placement (commercial style). Later exposed serial numbers were added. The grips match.


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Figure 3. Top view of 1910 DWM, serial number 8494d. A sear safety and exposed serial numbers were likely added by the Police during the early Nazi Era.


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Figure 4. Right side, 1910 DWM, serial number 8494d.


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Figure 5. Right receiver and barrel of 1910 DWM, serial number 8494d. According to a May 6,1913 directive all P08's in service without a hold open were to have the hold open retrofitted. This was accomplished by Erfurt. A small crown / P indicates a hold open was retrofitting to this Luger. The end of the pin placed to retain the hold open is properly in the white.


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Figure 6. Front of frame and bottom of barrel of 1910 DWM, serial number 8494d. Note: the halo around the digits of the barrel serial number and lack of halo on the frame serial number.


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Figure 7. Front view of 1910 DWM, serial number 8494d. Showing 1.G.D.4.1. on its front strap; which, indicates issue to a Garde Dragoon Regiment. I have known about this Luger for about 20 years but never knew its owner. Finally it came up for sale several years ago. This Lugers history will be covered after another 1910 dated Garde Dragoon marked Luger is introduced


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Figure 8. 1910 DWM, serial number 8494d. Most likely, during the early Nazi Era, two crimped aluminum based magazines numbered “1" and “2" were matched to this Luger by the Police.


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Figure 9. 1910 DWM, serial number 8494d. A sear safety is located on the left side of the receiver. It is held by a rivet at one end and on the opposite end bears a small pin that blocks the sear and prevents the discharge of a partly dissembled Luger. The sear safety was a police requirement introduced by Prussian State Police orders dated August 30, 1933. It was not a military requirement.


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Figure 10. Top of sear safety. The rivet is in the white.


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Figure 11. Sear safety and sear bar details. This Luger was manufactured with an unrelieved sear bar. It has been relieved. A depot stamp, E/HZaJL?8, is located on the sear bar. The depot stamp, additional serial numbers, relieved sear bar, and addition of the sear safety were all likely accomplished by the police during the early Nazi Era.


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Figure 12. Bottom of the sear safety rivet. The rivet is of steel and in the white.


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Figure 13. Details of the sear safety cut in the top of the side plate. It is properly in the white.


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Figure 14. 1910 DWM, serial number 8494d. This Luger spent most of the Nazi Era and World War II as a police Luger. It is a rig with police sear safety Luger, police holster, and two matching police magazines.


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Figure 15. 1910 DWM, serial number 8494d, police rig. Showing details of the magazine and tool compartments.


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Figure 16. Police holster showing 1938 manufacturing date, H.EGER & LIND manufacturer and police eagle stamp..


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Figure 17. This Luger with police sear safety, matching police style magazines, and police holster was issued to a police unit. It has not been established if they were issued to the rural or city police shown here or some other paramilitary police unit.
 

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Discussion Starter · #3 ·
Dave
* 1910 DWM, s/n 1307d : 17.D.5.9. - (17 Dragoner-Regiment, Eskadron 5, Waffe Nr. 9)
During world War I the 17th Dragoon Regiment was part of the 17 ID, 94 ID, 4th Cav. D. and 17 Kav. Brigade. Jeff Noll’s book will give you the above information. Your Luger has a complex history.

Information on the Divisions and Brigades can be found in “Histories of 251 Divisions of the German Army that participated in the War 1914-1918" and “Ruhmeshalle unsere alten Armee”

When I get a scanner I will send the pages. Anyone out there knowledgeable about scanners. I need one that will put the scanned pages into word processing.
Jan
 

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Jan, most of the scanners will turn the scan into documents, although it is sometimes tricky.

Ed
 

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Your posting of Dragoon Lugers prompted me to post a few pics of this piece I came across a few years ago. I know it's not a pistol but maybe some will find it interesting.

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Unit marking 1D3.126

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Proofs

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Manufacture and issue dates

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Cute little devil
 

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Discussion Starter · #7 ·
Darryl
1.D.3.125 signifies 1 Dragoner-Regiment, Eskadron 3, Waffe Nr. 125
Thanks for showing your carbine. I am always interested in German cavalry weapons.
Jan
 
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